Machu Phicu Peru Tourism

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Machu Picchu ("Old Mountain" in Quechua language; often called "the lost Inca City") is a site of pre-Columbian Inca ruins are located in the mountainous region at an altitude of about 2350 m. Machu Picchu is located above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, about 70 km northwest of Cusco.

Machu Picchu is a symbol of the most famous Inca Empire. Built around the year 1450, but abandoned a hundred years later, when the Spaniards conquered Inca Empire.

This site was forgotten by the international community, but not by the local community. The site is re-discovered by archaeologists from the University YaleHiram Bingham III rediscovered the tahun1911. Peru then do the legal efforts to retrieve artifacts taken by Bingham from the site. Since then, Machu Picchu became a tourist attraction that attracts local and foreign tourists.

Machu Picchu was built by the ancient Inca style with polished stone walls. The main building is Intihuatana, the Temple of the Sun, and Three Window Room. These places are referred to as the Sacred District of Machu Picchu.

The site has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1983, Machu Picchu is also one of the Seven Wonders of the New World, is also receiving attention due to damage caused by tourism (number of visitors reached 400,000 in 2003).

In September of 2007, Peru to legal efforts to reach an agreement with the results of UniversitasYale to retrieve artifacts have been taken by Bingham from the site in the early 20th century.

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