Taman Mini Indonesia Indah

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Taman Mini Indonesia Indah

Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (abbreviated as TMII; previously Taman Mini "Indonesia Indah" with quotation marks) is an Indonesian cultural themed amusement park in East Jakarta, DKI Jakarta, which has an area of approximately 147 hectares or 1.47 square kilometers. This park is a summary of the culture of the Indonesian nation, which covers various aspects of daily life of the people of 26 Indonesian provinces (in 1975) which are displayed in regional pavilions with traditional architecture, as well as displaying various regional clothing, dances and traditions. Apart from that, in the middle of TMII there is a lake which depicts a miniature Indonesian archipelago in the middle which is also a venue for multimedia shows called Tirta Stories, cable cars, various museums, and the Keong Emas Theater and Tanah Airku Theatre, these various recreational facilities make TMII is one of the leading tourist areas in Jakarta.


The idea of building a miniature containing the completeness of Indonesia and all its contents was initiated by the First Lady, Siti Hartinah, who is better known as Mrs. Tien Soeharto. This idea emerged at a meeting on Jalan Cendana no. 8 Jakarta on March 13, 1970. The idea of making a miniature Indonesia arose after the First Lady listened to and appreciated the contents of President Soeharto's speech regarding the balance of general development of the DPR GR in 1971. Apart from that, she also often accompanied the President to visit friendly countries and see objects. tourist attractions abroad. So the idea arose to build a recreation park that reflected the beauty and diversity of Indonesia. Through this recreation park, it is hoped that it can awaken a sense of pride and love for the country in all Indonesian people. Thus began a project called the "Indonesia Indah" Miniature Project, which was implemented by the Harapan Kita Foundation.

TMII was built in 1972 and inaugurated on April 20 1975. Various aspects of Indonesia's natural and cultural riches to the use of modern technology are demonstrated in an area of 150 hectares. Originally the topography of TMII was rather hilly because it was a giant drained lake, but this was in accordance with the designer's wishes. The design team took advantage of the uneven height of the land to create rich landscapes and landscapes, depicting the various types of living environments in Indonesia.

Since it first opened, the ownership and management of TMII has been under the Harapan Kita Foundation, owned by President Soeharto's family. As of April 2021, ownership of TMII was taken over by the Indonesian Ministry of State Secretariat. Since July 2021, the Ministry of State Secretariat handed over ownership of TMII to PT. Borobudur Temple Tourism Park, a subsidiary of a state-owned company operating in the tourism sector, namely InJourney.[reference needed]

In January 2022, TMII began to be revitalized as a form of preparation to support the implementation of a series of events supporting the 2022 Bali G20 Summit in Jakarta. Despite this, TMII was still open to the public, until it finally closed temporarily on May 17 2022.

The revitalization of TMII raises the concept of "Indonesia Opera", which was designed by the Urban+ team. The focus of this concept is to restore the initial concept of TMII as a synopsis of the richness and diversity of Indonesian culture, by restructuring the area so that it is as it should be. In this way, visitors can immediately feel the diversity of Indonesian culture as soon as they enter TMII. The Indonesian Opera concept also has an environmentally friendly design, consisting of 70% green space and 30% buildings - according to the initial concept in 1972, so that the green space is expanded.

Apart from expanding green space, TMII has been made into a low-emission area, where visitors can no longer travel around the TMII area using motorbikes or private cars. Instead, visitors can use emission-free transportation available within the area, such as cable cars, the Garuda Kencana aeromovel, and angling transportation services. For the mobile transportation service itself, a fleet of electric-powered microbus vehicles is used, which reaches the entire TMII area with four different corridors. Visitors who want to take the angling service must wait at bus stops throughout the area. Apart from using angling services, visitors can also rent electric scooters, golf carts or bicycles.

TMII began to open to the public in stages at the end of 2022, and on December 31 2022, TMII was chosen as the venue for the new year celebration.[citation needed] On September 1 2023, the revitalization of TMII was inaugurated by President Joko Widodo. This revitalization has cost a budget of IDR 1.7 trillion, with an additional budget from InJourney of IDR 200 billion.


Regional Pavilion

In Indonesia, almost every ethnic group has different building shapes and styles, and it is not uncommon for one ethnic group to have more than one type of traditional building. The traditional buildings or architecture they create are always influenced by environmental conditions and the culture they have. At TMII, this image is realized through the Regional Pavilion, which represents ethnic groups in 34 Indonesian Provinces. This provincial platform is built around a lake with a miniature Indonesian Archipelago, thematically divided into six zones; Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Bali, Nusa Tenggara, Maluku and Papua. Each pavilion displays typical local buildings. This pavilion also displays traditional dresses and attire, wedding attire, dance attire, as well as ethnographic artifacts such as typical weapons and everyday furniture, building models, and handicrafts. All of this is intended to provide complete information about the traditional way of life of various ethnic groups in Indonesia. Each provincial pavilion is also equipped with a stage, amphitheater or auditorium to display various traditional dances, regional music performances and various traditional ceremonies which are usually held on Sundays. Some of the platforms are also equipped with cafeterias or small stalls serving various Indonesian dishes typical of the province, as well as equipped with souvenir shops selling various handicrafts, t-shirts and various souvenirs.

From 1975 to 2000, TMII's original design consisted of traditional house platforms from 27 provinces in Indonesia, including East Timor. However, after Timor Leste became independent and separated from Indonesia in 2002, the status of the East Timor Pavilion changed to the East Timor Museum. Apart from that, because Indonesia now consists of 34 provinces, new provincial platforms such as Bangka Belitung, Banten, West Sulawesi, North Maluku, Gorontalo, Riau Islands and West Papua have been built in the North East corner of TMII, although the size and area of the new provincial platforms this was much smaller than the provincial platforms that had been built previously.

Religious Buildings

Religious buildings are represented by several officially recognized religious houses of worship in Indonesia, this is to illustrate tolerance and harmony in relations between religions in Indonesia. Religious buildings at TMII include the Prince Diponegoro Mosque, Santa Catharina Catholic Church, Hallelujah Protestant Church, Penataran Agung Kertabhumi Temple, Arya Dwipa Arama Vihara, Sasana Adirasa Pangeran Samber Nyawa, and the Kong Miao Confucian Temple.

Recreational Rides

At TMII there are also several recreational attractions, namely the Indonesian Children's Palace, Cable Car, Goose Boat Lake Archives Indonesia (permanently closed since TMII renovation in 2022), Among Putro Park, Ria Atmaja Park, Tourism Village, Keong Mas Legenda Park (closed temporarily until an undetermined time), Saudjana View Tower, and Tirta Berita Multimedia Show.

Tirta Stories is a multimedia show located at Lake Archipelago. The show was created by Sembilan Matahari, Endora Fountain, and Albeta Sukses Mandiri in collaboration with The Baldy's Family and Ronald Steven. The story of this show tells pieces of famous Indonesian folklore wrapped in musical arrangements, dancing fountains, water projection screens, and 300 LED drones that transport visitors to a modern musical fountain show. This neat looking collaboration between art and technology can be seen from an amphitheater in front of the D.I Province pavilion. Yogyakarta, every evening starting at 18.30.


At TMII there are also ten types of parks that show the beauty of Indonesian flora and fauna. The ten parks are Orchid Park, Living Pharmacy Park, Cactus Park, Jasmine Park, Keong Mas Flower Park (now the Keong Mas Legend Park), Freshwater and Insect World, Bekisar Park, Bird Park, and Indonesian Chinese Culture Park.


The existing museum is intended to exhibit history, culture, flora and fauna, and technology in Indonesia. There are several museums at TMII, including the Indonesian Museum, Purna Bhakti Pertiwi Museum, Indonesian Soldiers Museum, Stamps Museum, Heritage Museum, Transportation Museum, Electricity and New Energy Museum, Information Museum, Asmat Museum, Komodo Indonesian Fauna Museum and Reptile Park, Museum Insect and Butterfly Garden, Science and Technology Demonstration Center Museum, Oil and Gas Museum, East Timor Museum, Indonesian Hakka Museum, Bayt Al-Quran and Istiqlal Museum, Heritage Museum, and Sky World TMII.


  • Keong Emas IMAX Theater – Keong Mas IMAX Theater is a theater with a giant screen which is much bigger than a normal size cinema screen. At the Keong Mas IMAX Theater, various films are screened, ranging from environmental and cultural themed films from the archipelago to box office films whose resolution has been changed specifically for the IMAX theater. IMAX films screened include Indonesia Indah II, Force of Nature, T-Rex, Blue Planet, Arabia, Journey to Mecca, etc. The Keong Mas IMAX Theater was the first and only IMAX cinema in Indonesia until the early 2010s, before the opening of an IMAX Cinema in Gandaria City, South Jakarta. Some of the box office films that have been screened here include:
  1. Final Destination 1 (March 17, 2000)
  2. Final Destination 2 (January 31, 2003)
  3. Final Destination 3 (February 10, 2006)
  4. Final Destination 4 (28 August 2009)
  5. Final Destination 5 (12 August 2011)

  • My Homeland Theatre


Taman Mini Indonesia Indah also has a library with quite good facilities. Here there is a collection room and reading room. The online catalog can also be accessed via the internet. The location of this library is near the Taman Mini Indonesia Indah management office.

Parts that have been closed and dismantled

  • Snowbay Waterpark – The swimming pool was permanently closed and dismantled because it was deemed not in line with the cultural spirit at TMII. The existence of Snowbay only benefits the swimming pool. Now the former Snowbay land has been used as a parking building.
  • Telecommunications Museum – Before revitalization began, this museum looked neglected, so the museum building was dismantled and converted into Plaza Gajah Mada. The Gajah Mada statue which is the hallmark of the Telecommunications Museum is still maintained.
  • Sports Museum – Now a parking lot
  • Taman Ria Atmaja Park – Replaced by Cultural Stage
  • Garuda Theatre
  • 4D Theater – Now the Saudjana Viewing Tower

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